Western Civilization Topics: Making A Strong Term Paper

 

western civilization research paper topics

If you want to buy a high quality research paper on history topics at affordable price please use custom research paper writing services. Western civilization is a . Academic essays and term papers on Western Civilization. Over 95, term papers to search in over essay topics. Western civilization research paper topics. Creating a research paper over Western civilization affords a student an opportunity to explore some incredible aspect of society. With so many options and choices available to a writer it may be hard for you to choose one. However, it is important that a writer do a good job while research for this.


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This sample Western Civilization Research Paper is published for educational and informational purposes only. Free research papers are not written by our writers, they are contributed by users, western civilization research paper topics, so we are not responsible for the content of this free sample paper. Western civilization is a historical concept with a recent origin and uncertain future. As globalization advances, the separateness of local civilizations western civilization research paper topics historians, reflecting their times, have begun to emphasize transcivilizational connections while questioning the coherence of Western or any other regional civilization, western civilization research paper topics.

The word civilization entered English from the French in the late eighteenth century, and initially meant polite behavior, just as it did in French. It referred to manners that permitted a person to western civilization research paper topics his or her proper place in polite society; that meant using words and gestures to defer to superiors, snub inferiors, and climb as high as one could by peaceable means.

It differed from older courtly ideals inasmuch as no monarch set the tone or conferred formal rank. Civilization instead was an urban upperclass phenomenon whose exact definition evolved in accordance with prevailing opinions among those who participated in polite society. To begin with, such behavior was conceived as potentially universal. To be sure, civilization was most perfectly expressed in Parisian drawing rooms, theaters, and other public places, with London a close rival.

But privileged urban circles in Germany, Russia, and other European countries did their best to imitate French manners, often going so far as to read and speak French and import the latest fashions from Paris. Early in the eighteenth century, patriotic Western civilization research paper topics persuaded themselves that German Kultur was intrinsically superior to French civilization, and Russian Slavophils soon argued for the superiority of the Slavic soul over more westerly versions of Kultur and civilization.

Meanwhile in France and England, easy and rapid imperial expansion in Africa and Asia seemed evidence of their superiority to other peoples; and the term civilization was broadened to describe the achievements of British, French, and European society as a whole.

French and British empires were the most extensive, and both countries were situated in Western Europe; but no one made much of that geographical detail. Before World War I, by and large, civilization was conceived as unitary, centered in Europe, and destined to illuminate and eventually improve the lives of other peoples in colonial and ex-colonial lands like the United States as they learned the skills and style of civilized behavior from contacts with civilized Europeans.

This intellectual landscape altered abruptly during World War I. To be sure, concepts of West—East polarity had antecedents going all the way back to Herodotus who had contrasted free Greeks on the western side of the Aegean Sea with enslaved Persians coming from the east. Afterthese wartime follies were soon abandoned in Britain and France, but not without some sense of shame.

Throughout Europe, separate nationalistic histories, western civilization research paper topics, elaborated during the nineteenth century, continued to dominate classrooms in schools and universities. Instead each nation treasured its own grievances against neighbors and cherished its own claims to greatness. Conviction of European superiority to Asians and Africans persisted, but that was based more directly on western civilization research paper topics color than on such an intangible as Western civilization.

In the United States, however, the concept of Western civilization had a far more significant career. Courses in Western civilization were invented during World War I to explain to draftees what they were fighting for. These survived the war in a few American colleges, and spread widely in the s, supplementing American national history and becoming required introductory courses for a great many students. This was accompanied by almost total ignorance of the history of the four-fifths of humankind excluded from Western civ courses.

Reasons for this curricular development are not far to seek. And by annexing Western civilization to their own national history, Americans achieved a grander, more inclusive cultural ancestry than any single European country could boast.

There was a second and in many ways more powerful intellectual impetus behind Western civilization courses as they came on stream in the s. Most college-bound Americans had learned a smattering of Biblical history in Sunday school, and the Christian and Jewish view that God governed the course of events was firmly implanted in their minds. But ever since the eighteenth century, a contrary liberal Enlightenment view of history had taken root in a limited intellectual circle, according to which the progress of liberty was what mattered most, and liberation from religious error by recognizing historical causes with which God had nothing to do was part of the story, western civilization research paper topics.

Western civ courses offered a splendid opportunity to juxtapose these rival worldviews. Choosing to focus on a few great books, works of art, and big ideas—and showing how they changed from age to age—introduced college students to aspects of the Western cultural heritage and invited them to pick and choose what to accept and what to reject from it.

As such, Western civ courses came alive for innumerable college students and helped them to shape a meaningful world from which the majority of humankind was tacitly excluded. By the s this constellation of circumstances altered, and Western civ courses soon lost their preferred place in most American colleges. Their dismantlement arose mainly from the discontent of young instructors who objected to teaching hand-me-down Western civ instead of presenting their own up-to-date specialized fields of research, as tenured professors preferred to do.

Since tenure depended on published research it was clear that teaching Western civ delayed professional advancement. Tenured professors could not deny that obvious fact, so such courses had few defenders and most of them were soon scrapped. Changes on the religious scene also contributed to making them obsolete.

Decaying Sunday School training deprived Western civ courses of their earlier intellectual bite for some students, and a contrary current of born-again religious commitment made secular history unwelcome to others.

Efforts to expand the scope of Western civ to embrace the rest of the world remained weak and sporadic and have not yet become really respectable in the eyes of most academic historians. Western civilization research paper topics, industrious researchers multiplied specialties, making national history more and more incoherent, and calling the validity of every sort of statement about large-scale history into ever more serious question.

The collapse of European empires after World War II and widespread rejection of claims to any sort of ethnic, racial, or cultural superiority was a third factor that undermined the legitimacy of Western western civilization research paper topics courses. And as students of non-European descent began to show up in college classrooms, efforts to accommodate them by teaching Amerindian, Asian, western civilization research paper topics, Latin American, and African history multiplied.

Multiple civilizations, all conceived as equal and separate, became fashionable; and when outsiders intruded, as Europeans had done so obviously in the nineteenth century, they were often blamed for it. Western civ thus became something of a bogeyman—the exact opposite of what American undergraduates had been brought up to western civilization research paper topics between and l Further transformations of American historical teaching no doubt lie ahead.

Western civ is likely to continue to play a conspicuous part as it has since the s, because how to western civilization research paper topics Europe as a whole and Western Europe in particular into the recent history of the world remains so problematic.

Yet the whole concept of Western civilization as an entity acting in world affairs is uncertain, western civilization research paper topics. But as globalization advances, the separateness of local civilizations blurs, and historians, reflecting their times, have begun to emphasize larger, transcivilizational connections, while simultaneously questioning the coherence of Western or any other regional civilization.

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Western Civilization Research Paper - EssayEmpire

 

western civilization research paper topics

 

10 Inspiring Western Civilization Topics for Term Papers. When you are writing your essay on the topic involving the western civilization. You want to make sure that you choose a topic that is more specific. You would have to write an entire book if you chose to write about western civilization as a whole. Choose a time period or locality to. Western civilization is an incredibly broad and diverse domain, stretching back thousands of years. Depending on who is defining it, a paper on Western civilization could cover any time from the. Western civilization research paper topics. Creating a research paper over Western civilization affords a student an opportunity to explore some incredible aspect of society. With so many options and choices available to a writer it may be hard for you to choose one. However, it is important that a writer do a good job while research for this.