How to Develop 5 Critical Thinking Types

 

critical thinking styles

TalentLens can help identify great critical thinkers—people who will make the best decisions. Candidates who quickly understand the key aspects that will impact any decision, who can discern assumptions from facts, and can evaluate the arguments about possible actions and . How To Use the Five Thinking Styles. Take the time to place your boss or who you need to interact with into one or two of the five thinking-style categories. Keep in mind that while one or two styles predominates for most people, about fifteen percent use all . Jan 18,  · Introduction: The Current world needs people who have a lot of different abilities such as cognition and application of different ways of thinking, research, problem solving, critical thinking skills and creativity. In addition to critical thinking, learning styles is another key factor which has an essential role in the process of problem dlbookito.ga by:


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Introduction: The Current world needs people who have a lot of different abilities such as cognition and application of different ways of thinking, research, problem solving, critical thinking skills and creativity, critical thinking styles. In addition to critical thinking, learning styles is another key factor which has an essential role in the process of problem solving.

This study aimed to determine the relationship between learning styles and critical thinking of students and their academic performance in Alborz University of Medical Science, critical thinking styles. Methods: This cross-correlation study was performed inon students of Alborz University who were selected randomly by the stratified random sampling. The data was obtained via a three-part questionnaire included demographic data, Critical thinking styles standardized questionnaire of learning style and California critical thinking standardized questionnaire, critical thinking styles.

The academic performance of the students was extracted by the school records. The validity of the instruments was determined in terms of content validity, and the reliability was gained through internal consistency methods. Cronbach's alpha coefficient was found to be 0. Results: Our findings indicated the significant difference of mean score in four learning style, suggesting university students with convergent learning style have better performance than critical thinking styles groups.

Also learning style had a relationship with age, gender, field of study, semester and job. Furthermore, evaluation skills and deductive reasoning had significant relationship. On the other hand, the mean total score of critical thinking had significant difference between different learning styles.

Conclusion: The results of this study showed that the learning styles, critical thinking and academic performance are significantly associated with one another. Considering the growing importance of critical thinking in enhancing the professional competence of individuals, it's recommended to use teaching methods consistent with the learning style because it would critical thinking styles more effective in this context.

The current world needs people with a lot of capabilities such as understanding and using different ways of thinking, research, problem solving, critical thinking and creativity. Critical thinking is one of the aspects of thinking that has been accepted as a way to overcome the difficulties and to facilitate the access to information in life 1. To Watson and Glizer, critical thinking is a combination of knowledge, attitude, and performance of every individual.

They also believe that there are some skills of critical thinking such as perception, assumption recognition deduction, interpretation and evaluation of logical reasoning. They argue that the ability of critical thinking, processing and evaluation of previous information with new information result from inductive and deductive reasoning of solving problems. Watson and Glizer definition of critical thinking has been the basis of critical thinking tests that are widely used to measure the critical thinking today 2.

World Federation for Medical Education has considered critical thinking one of the medical training standards so that in accredited colleges this subject is one of the key points. In fact, one of the criteria for the accreditation of critical thinking styles learning institute is the measurement of critical thinking in its students 3. In addition to critical thinking, learning style, i. This position represents two dimensions: concrete experience versus abstract thinking, and reflective observation to active experimentation.

These dimensions include four learning styles: divergent, convergent, critical thinking styles, critical thinking styles, and accommodate. According to Kolb and Ferry, the learner needs four different abilities to function efficiently: Learning styles involve several variables such as academic performance of learner, higher education improvement; critical thinking and problem solving 4.

Due to the importance of learning styles and critical thinking in students' academic performance, a large volume of educational research has been devoted to these issues in different countries. This is due to the fact that the students are critical thinking styles to increase adaptive behavior with environment and university and reduce the stress during their education 1.

In another study over students in Critical thinking styles, the students who critical thinking styles divergent learning style, had lower scores in critical thinking in contrast with students who have accommodator learning style 5, critical thinking styles.

Also Mahmoud examined the relationship between critical thinking and learning styles of the Bachelor students with their academic performance in In this study all the nursing students of the university in the semesters four, six and eight were studied, critical thinking styles. The results did not show any significant relationship between critical thinking and learning styles of nursing students with their academic performance 6.

Another research by Nasrabadi in showed a positive relationship between critical thinking attitudes and student's academic achievement, critical thinking styles.

The results showed that there was a significant difference between the levels of critical thinking of assimilating and converge styles. Also converging, diverging, assimilating and accommodating styles had the highest level of critical thinking, respectively 4, critical thinking styles.

Today university students should not only think but also should think differently and should not only remember the critical thinking styles in their mind but also should research the best learning style among different learning styles. Therefore, the study critical thinking styles the topic of how the students think and how they learn has received great emphasis in recent years.

In this regard, with the importance of the subject, researchers attempted to doa research in this area to determine the relationship between critical thinking and learning styles with academic performance of the students at Alborz University of Critical thinking styles Sciences. The total number of participants in the study was students with different majors such as medical, nursing and midwifery, and health and medical emergency students.

The tool to collect the data was a two-part questionnaire of Kolb's learning styles and California's critical thinking skills test form B. The Kolb's questionnaire has two parts, critical thinking styles. The first part asks for demographic information and the second part includes 12 multiple choice questions. Thus, four total scores for the four learning styles were obtained, the first for concrete experience learning critical thinking styles, the second for reflective observation of learning style, the third for abstract conceptualization learning style and the forth for active experimentation learning style.

The highest score determined the learning style of the participant. The California critical thinking skills test form B includes 34 multiple choice questions with one correct answer in five different areas of critical thinking skills, including evaluation, inference, analysis, inductive reasoning and deductive reasoning.

The answering time was 45 minutes and the final score is 34 and the achieved score in each section of the test critical thinking styles from 0 to In the evaluation critical thinking styles, the maximum point is 14, in analysis section 9, in inference section 11, in inductive reasoning 16 and in deductive reasoning the maximum point was So there were 6 scores for each participant, which included a critical thinking total score and 5 score for critical thinking skills.

In the study of Khalili et al. So this test was reliable for the research. Collecting the information was conducted in two stages. In the first stage, the questionnaires were given to the students and the objectives and importance of the research were mentioned. In the next stage, the students' academic performance was reviewed.

To describe the data, descriptive critical thinking styles were used such as mean and standard deviation for continues variables and frequency for qualitative variables. The age range of the participants was from 16 to 45 with the mean age of According to Kolbs' pattern, Among the 5 critical thinking skills, the maximum mean score belonged to deductive reasoning skill 3. Table 1 shows the frequency distribution and demographic variables and the academic performance of the students.

The relationship between employment, major and semester of studying with the learning style was significant at a p-value of 0, critical thinking styles.

The mean and standard deviation of age and students' academic performance in the four learning styles are reported in Table 1. The students with convergent learning style had a better academic performance than those with other learning styles and in the performance of those with the assimilating learning style the weakest. Table 2 shows the relationship between the total score of critical thinking skills and each of the demographic variables and academic performance.

The results of the t-test and one way ANOVA variance analysis are reported to investigate the relationship between each variable with skills below the mean standard deviation. Also regarding the relationship between age and the student academic performance with each of the critical thinking skills, the Pearson correlation coefficient results indicated a significant positive relationship but a negative relationship between age and analysis skill, i.

Table 3 shows the mean and standard deviation of learning styles score in the 4 groups of learning style. Using ANOVA one way ANOVA, the relationship between learning style and critical thinking skills and the comparison of the mean score for each skill in four styles are reported in the last column of the Table 3. The study findings showed that the popular learning style among the students was the convergent style followed by the assimilating style which is consistent with Kolb's theory stating that medical science students usually have this learning style 8.

This result was consistent with the results of other studies 9 In Yenice's study in which the student of training teacher were the target of the project, the most frequent learning styles were divergent and assimilating styles and these differences originate from the different target group of study in This study showed a significant relationship between learning style and gender, age, semester and employment.

Meyari et al. Also in Yenice's study, no relationship with learning style, gender, semester and age was found. Furthermore, critical thinking styles, in the first semester divergent style, in the second semester assimilating style and in the third and fourth semester divergent style were accounted for the highest percentage. Also in the group age of years the assimilating style and the age of years the divergent style were dominant styles In the present study, critical thinking styles, it was found a significant positive relationship between convergent learning style and academic performance.

Also in the study of Pooladi et al. Nasrabadi et al. But the results are inconsistent to Meyari et al.

In this study, critical thinking styles, the obtained mean score from the critical thinking questionnaire was 7. In other words, the computed critical thinking styles for critical thinking of the students participating was lower than 11 score that is in the 50th percentile and of course is lower than normal range. Hariri and Bagherinezhad had shown that the computed score for Bachelor and Master students of Health faculty was also lower than the norm in Iran But in Gharib et al.

Wangensteen et al. In critical thinking styles study, critical thinking styles, students of all levels Associate, Bachelor and PhD with various fields of study participated but other studies have been limited to certain graduate courses that may explain the differences in levels of special critical thinking skills score in this study.

In this study we found a significant relationship between total score of critical thinking and major of the students, critical thinking styles. This result is consistent with Serin et al. It was found a significant relationship between major of participants, gender and inference skill, semester and deductive reasoning skill, ethnicity and both inference and deductive reasoning skills.

In the Yenice's study significant relationship between critical thinking, group of age, gender and semester was seen In Wangensteen et al, critical thinking styles. In Serin et al, critical thinking styles.

The results also showed that the total score of critical thinking and analytical skills of students and their performance had a significant relationship. Nasrabady et al. This is contradictory with what Demirhan, Bosluk and Ander critical thinking styles 6 Thus the total score for those with the conforming style of critical skills was more than that with other styles.

But in the subgroup of inference skills, critical thinking styles, those with the convergent style had a higher mean than those with other styles. Yenice found a negative relationship between critical thinking score and divergent learning style and a positive relation between critical thinking score and accommodating style Siriopoulos and Critical thinking styles in their study compared the learning style and critical thinking skills of students in two phases: at the beginning and end of education and came to this conclusion that the learning style of students changed in the second phase.

For example, the divergent, critical thinking styles, convergent and accommodating styles languished and the assimilating style combination of abstract thinking and reflective observation was noticeably strengthened. However, those with converging learning style had higher levels of critical thinking.

 

 

critical thinking styles

 

TalentLens can help identify great critical thinkers—people who will make the best decisions. Candidates who quickly understand the key aspects that will impact any decision, who can discern assumptions from facts, and can evaluate the arguments about possible actions and . Definition of critical thinking skills, why employers value them, and a list of the top critical thinking skills and keywords, with examples. Definition of critical thinking skills, why employers value them, and a list of the top critical thinking skills and keywords, with examples. How To Use the Five Thinking Styles. Take the time to place your boss or who you need to interact with into one or two of the five thinking-style categories. Keep in mind that while one or two styles predominates for most people, about fifteen percent use all .